The International Olympic Commission has sanctioned the systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia.
Once again Russian doping is a key topic at the International Olympic Committee (IOC). And once again the IOC bans Russian athletes from competing. This time it is the 2018 Winter Games scheduled for February. The IOC’s actions follow a 17-month investigation of Russian manipulation of testing during the 2014 Sochi Games, during which The Schmid Commission found systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia.
Further, the commission recommended the IOC Executive Board to effectively sanction the existence of a systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia, as well as the legal responsibility of the various entities involved; language indicating Russia’s doping program likely continues.
The ban follows numerous earlier instances where Russia was banned for operating a state-sponsored doping program for athletes; including both during the 2016 Rio Games and 2016 Paralympic Games, as well as the 2017 International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) London World Championships.
The IOC Executive Board moved to immediately suspend the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) and block all Russian Ministry of Sport officials from the 2018 games. Additional sanctions are likely to have long term effects on Russia’s participation in international sport. These include exclusion of the Minister and Deputy Minister of Sport from all future Olympic Games, removal of the Sochi 2014 CEO from the Beijing 2022 Commission and suspension of the ROC President’s membership in the IOC. Lastly, the ROC must reimburse the IOC for the costs of the investigation and pay $15m to be used to increase capacity and integrity of the global anti-doping program.
The only good news to come out of the IOC meeting was a path for clean Russian athletes to participate. Individual Russian athletes may be invited to participate in the 2018 Winter Games. A special panel will be convened to determine which athletes are considered clean and eligible to participate. Athletes who participate will compete under the title Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR). They will also wear a non-national uniform and have the Olympic Anthem played at any ceremony. A move clearly designed to keep Russian out of the Games.
The Fancy Bears hacks and dox releases this summer highlight the need for advanced planning briefing in the athletic industry. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) World Championships, the Football Association and FIFA were impacted by Fancy Bear actions. In July prior to the IAAF World Championship in London, Fancy Bears released the Athlete Biological Passport data of numerous prominent track and field stars. The data breach released personal and medical information in addition to notes of “likely doping” or “passport suspicious” for some individuals.
Aries Merritt and Mo Farah were among the victims. While the Football Association and FIFA breach three weeks ago released details of failed drug tests and therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs) for athletes, the disclosure claimed 25 participants that were allowed to use TUEs during the 2010 World Cup. It also indicated 150 players had failed drug tests in 2015 including four UK athletes where one tested positive for ecstasy and three tested positive for cocaine.
The Legacy of the Fancy Bear WADA Hack
Fancy Bears has actively exposed doping in sports through hacks against the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and international organizations like the IAAF and FIFA. They identified themselves a year ago as an international hack team that stands for fair play and clean sport. At that time they were working under of guise of #OpOlympics to “enlighten” the public on how Olympic medal are won. However, they have also participated in hacking Georgia’s government ministries prior to Russia’s 2008 army occupation, hacking the Democratic National Committee, targeting the CIA and the White House. Enlighting, right.
The Fancy Bear hacking collective also leveraged the NSA tool “EternalBlue” to intensify attacks on hotel networks and target French Presidential candidate Macron in April. Fancy Bears doping exposure endeavors intensified after WADA exposed systematic doping throughout the Russian Athletics Federation (RusAF) resulting in the suspension of RusAF athletes in IAAF events and the reallocation of Olympic medals to other teams and athletes. Fancy Bears has increased their activities and they are now threatening to uncover illicit behavior in athletics ahead of the 2018 Tokyo Games.
Preparing for the World Stage
Seasoned athletes maybe prepared for the press onslaught and actions required from a cyber breach or misinformation campaign however new athletes maybe ill prepared. In addition to the laborious physical training, athletes would benefit from geopolitical and cyber awareness training. Even if an athlete is mindful of political statements or opinions they perform on an international stage, as such, they or their loved ones, can be targeted for social engineering campaigns. While organizations may fall victim to breaches, general awareness of threats and best practices for safe measure is a beneficial exercise. The SportsISAO is uniquely positioned to assist the sports industry on cyber security issues from hardening, business continuity to advising on industry standards.
Benjamin Franklin said it best, “by failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.”
By: Yomphana Adams, CRI Threat Analyst
Cyber Resilience Institute
Date: September 13, 2017